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Estimation of power generation potential of nonwoody biomass species


Mishra, Shankar (2007) Estimation of power generation potential of nonwoody biomass species. MTech thesis.
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Abstract

In view of high energy potentials in non-woody biomass species and an increasing interest in their utilization for power generation, an attempt has been made in this study to assess the proximate analysis and energy content of different components of Sida rhombifolia, Xanthium strumarium, Anisomeles lamiaceae and Eupatorium coelestinum biomass species (both non-woody), and their impact on power generation and land requirement for energy plantations. The net energy content in Sida is the highest. Xanthium biomass species appears to have slightly higher calorific values in its components than those of Anisomeles and Eupatorium. The pattern of variation of calorific value in the components like stump, branch, leaf and bark is not identical for all the presently studied biomass species. In all these studied biomass species, the calorific values of leaves, in general, are after stump and branch. The data for proximate and ultimate analysis of the components of these species are very close to each other and hence it is very difficult to draw a concrete conclusion. However, it appears from the present work that Eupatorium and Xanthium biomass species have the highest fixed carbon and lowest volatile matter contents in their stumps than the stumps of the others. As for ash fusion temperature The Sida biomass species has the highest values of IDT, ST, HT and FT (7860- 1490˚C) for its ash, followed by Anisomeles (740-1441˚C). Xanthium and Eupatorium have lower values for IDT, ST, HT and FT (670- 1244˚C) for their ashes. The results have shown that approximately 4, 7, 6 and 2 hectares of land are required to generate 20,000 kWh/day electricity from Sida rhombifolia, Eupatorium coelestinum, Xanthium strumarium and Anisomeles lamiaceae biomass species. Coal samples, obtained from six different local mines, were also examined for their qualities and the results were compared with those of studied biomass materials. This comparison reveals much higher power output with negligible emission of suspended particulate matters (SPM) from biomass materials.
Item Type:Thesis (MTech)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Power gneration potential, Nonwoody biomass species, IDT, ST, HT, FT, SPM
Subjects:Engineering and Technology > Mechanical Engineering > Production Engineering
Divisions:Engineering and Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:4336
Deposited By:Hemanta Biswal
Deposited On:11 Jul 2012 09:54
Last Modified:11 Jul 2012 09:54
Supervisor(s):Patel , S K and Kumar, M

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